This article presents you an overview of commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS), which is a bond like instrument and attractive vehicle for investing in commercial real estate loans.
What does cmbs stand for?
A CMBS stands for Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities.
What is cmbs?
A CMBS or say Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities used to purchase commercial real estate buildings such as office buildings, hotels, malls, apartment buildings, and factories. So, the commercial mortgage-backed securities definition includes fixed-income securities which are supported by commercial real estate loans. cmbs securities provide fluidity to the real estate investors as well as to the commercial lenders.
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Here, the property is used as collateral and flexible underwriting standards are used. A commercial lender is the one who is lending the funds (it can be any as a commercial or investment bank) and then the property is used up as a loan.
A series of bonds made up by banks are organized in cmbs tranches, that are grouped from the highest rated to the lowest risk CMBS.
Points to be noted:
- CMBS is held safe by the mortgages on commercial properties
- They are in the form of bonds
- They offer benefits of income and portfolio diversification for investors.
- CMBS loans act as collateral where the investor receives principal and interest if there is any default.
So, by now it is clear that what is CMBS? and why they are supported by commercial real estate loans. So, now let us understand some more cmbs market terms and get to know how to invest in cmbs?
What is a CMBS loan?
A commercial mortgage-backed securities are also known as CMBS loans or by the name of conduit loans. So, CMBS loans are explained as the loans which are used to purchase commercial real estate buildings such as office buildings, hotels, malls, apartment buildings, and factories. They offer flexible underwriting standards.
And are different from the traditional commercial loan. As the traditional commercial loan is the one where the lender gets paid back over time. But, in the case of CMBS loan definition follows the process of securitization, where a trust called a Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (REMIC) is formed up from which bonds are made to be sold off in the market or say secondary mortgage market to bond investors.
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How Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities Work
CMBS securities loan are funded by the financial institution. Thus, when the borrower needs to close the property then various CMBS loans are polled up together and changed into CMBS bonds. Then these different CMBS bonds are rated based on different factors such as loan-to-value ratio, average loan amount, debt service coverage ratio, and the number of loans in the pool for the purpose of selling out these CMBS bonds in order to know the cmbs loan rates.
Then the originator lender of these cmbs structure gets principal and interest after deducting a small percentage for risk retention from it.
Types of CMBS
While classifying CMBS we can group them into CMBS tranches based on their levels of credit risk by ranking them from highest quality to their lower quality.
- Senior mortgage bonds or higher CMBS tranches
- Junior mortgage bonds or Lower CMBS tranches
- senior mortgage bonds or higher CMBS tranches: They are the ones who receive both interest and principal and also have the lowest associated risk in the CMBS market.
- junior mortgage bonds or Lower CMBS tranches: They are the ones who receive higher interest rates, but with higher interest rates the risk factor is also high. So, in CMBS structure the Lower CMBS tranches are the riskiest.
cmbs rates are basically dependent on swap rate plus a margin that is formed to compensate the lender/investors for their risk. The number of different CMBS market factors and the risk of loan involved determine these factors, which are as:
- Property location
- Loan term
- Loan size
- Asset quality/condition
- Economic conditions, etc.
cmbs lenders list:
A CMBS Loan is wrapped and sold by Conduit Lenders, or the commercial banks, share banks, or say the lender banks, or the syndicates of banks. Therefore, some of the top CMBS lenders in the U.S. include in cmbs lending includes the following:
- JP Morgan Securities: Having a loan volume of $ 3.4 billion in the market capturing almost 17.7 % of the market share
- Deutsche Bank: Having a loan volume of $ 2.7 billion in the market capturing almost 14.1 % of the market share
- Goldman Sachs: Having a loan volume of $ 3.8 billion in the market capturing almost 9.6 % of the market share
- Wells Fargo Bank: Having a loan volume of $ 3.1 billion in the market capturing almost 7.6 % of the market share
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CMBS index is basically a group of financial indexes which is used to track down the commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) market. Therefore, cmbs index includes 25 tranches of CMBS, and each one having a different credit rating.
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CMBS is a way for lending institutions to reduce risk and on the other hand increase its lending power by the way of outstanding CMBS debt, which is purchased by investors.
Are CMBS publicly traded
As the cmbs finance is a new concept than REITs which are publicly traded. Therefore, one CMBS ETF is publicly traded which is ishares cmbs.
How do CMBS lenders make money?
The CMBS lenders buy and sell, they buy in wholesale, and sell out in retail. Thus, making money by selling CMBS bonds in the market.
Who buys CMBS?
Various market participants buy CMBS that includes investors, a directing certificate holder, trustees, special servicers, etc.
What is the CMBS market?
A CMBS or say Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities used to purchase commercial real estate buildings such as office buildings, hotels, malls, apartment buildings, and factories. So, the commercial mortgage backed securities definition includes fixed income securities which are supported by commercial real estate loans.
How are CMBS loans priced?
CMBS rates are basically dependent on swap rate plus a margin that is formed to compensate the lender/investors for their risk.