What Is Ramie Fabric?

Are you curious to know what is ramie fabric? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about ramie fabric in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is ramie fabric?

In the world of textiles, sustainability and eco-friendliness have become paramount considerations. Amid this growing demand for environmentally responsible materials, Ramie fabric has emerged as an excellent choice. With its eco-friendly characteristics, rich history, and versatile properties, Ramie fabric is making a resurgence in the fashion and textile industry. In this blog post, we will explore what Ramie fabric is, its history, production process, and its many benefits.

What Is Ramie Fabric?

Ramie fabric, also known as “China Grass” or “Boehmeria nivea,” is a natural plant-based textile that belongs to the nettle family, Urticaceae. It is derived from the stem of the Ramie plant, which is native to eastern Asia, particularly China. Ramie fabric has been cultivated and used for thousands of years, making it one of the oldest textiles known to humanity.

The Production Process

The production of Ramie fabric involves several steps:

  1. Harvesting: The process begins with the harvesting of Ramie plant stems, typically done during the flowering stage. This is because the fibers are strongest and most abundant at this point.
  2. Retting: Retting is the process of soaking the harvested stems in water to soften the outer bark, making it easier to separate the fibers from the woody core.
  3. Peeling: After retting, the outer bark is scraped away, leaving behind the long, fine Ramie fibers.
  4. Spinning: Ramie fibers are spun into yarn using traditional methods or modern machinery, depending on the desired outcome.
  5. Weaving: The yarn is woven into fabric, creating the final Ramie textile.

Properties Of Ramie Fabric

  1. Natural Shine: Ramie fabric has a natural sheen, often compared to silk, giving it an elegant and lustrous appearance.
  2. Strength and Durability: Ramie fibers are exceptionally strong, even when wet, making Ramie fabric highly durable.
  3. Breathability: Ramie fabric is highly breathable, making it an ideal choice for warm and humid climates.
  4. Absorbency: It has excellent moisture-wicking properties, keeping the wearer cool and dry.
  5. Resistance to Mold and Bacteria: Ramie is naturally resistant to mold and bacteria, which contributes to its longevity.

Sustainability And Eco-Friendliness

Ramie fabric is celebrated for its sustainability and minimal environmental impact:

  1. Low Water Usage: The Ramie plant requires significantly less water compared to cotton, making it a water-efficient crop.
  2. No Pesticides: Ramie cultivation typically does not require the use of pesticides or herbicides, reducing chemical pollution.
  3. Biodegradability: Ramie fabric is biodegradable, meaning it decomposes naturally and does not contribute to plastic pollution.
  4. Low Carbon Footprint: The production of Ramie fabric has a lower carbon footprint compared to synthetic materials.

Fashion And Lifestyle Applications

Ramie fabric is experiencing a resurgence in the fashion industry, with designers and consumers alike appreciating its eco-friendliness and unique properties. It is commonly used in the production of clothing, accessories, and home textiles like tablecloths and bed linens. Its versatility allows it to be blended with other fibers like cotton or silk to create fabrics that are both stylish and sustainable.


Ramie fabric is a true gem in the world of textiles, combining a rich history, sustainable cultivation practices, and a range of desirable properties. As the demand for sustainable and eco-friendly textiles continues to grow, Ramie fabric has found its place as a versatile, elegant, and environmentally responsible choice for those who value both fashion and the planet. Its revival highlights the enduring appeal of this ancient textile and its relevance in modern times.


Is Ramie Good Fabric?

Ramie is extremely absorbent and feels dry longer. It has 20% absorbency, whereas linen has 30% and cotton only 8%. Clothing made of ramie will stay noticeably comfortable longer on hot, humid days. On top of that, ramie is quick drying, so you can see that it’s an excellent choice for cool, summer garments.

What Are The Disadvantages Of Ramie Fabric?

Disadvantages of Ramie

  • Low in elasticity.
  • Lacks resiliency.
  • Low abrasion resistance.
  • Wrinkles easily.
  • Stiff and brittle.
  • Necessary de-gumming process.
  • High cost (due to high labour requirement in production, harvesting and decortication.)

Is Ramie A Cheap Fabric?

With regained interest in natural fibers in the fashion industry, the popularity of Ramie is rising. But it is not widely used because it remains expensive, due to labor costs during cultivation and production. The cheaper alternatives are cotton and linen.

What Is Ramie Fabric Similar To?

Ramie is a cellulosic fibre, similar to that of Linen. It’s made from the stalks of the Chinese Nettle plant. This looks very similar to the European Nettle, however doesn’t have the little hairs that sting!

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